Shotokan Karate Traditional

General Terms
Name
Kanji
Description
Arigato gozaimashita
 
Thank you for teaching me
Atemi
 
当て身
Blows directed against vital body points with the aid of hands, feet, elbows & knees.
Bubishi
 
The Bible of Karate It is the title of one of two different Chinese documents called "Account of Military Arts and Science" not to be confused with "Bushi-do" (see below)
 
 
武士
Aristocratic Warrior (Combat Personnel) roughly equivalent to old Western Knights or Samurai
Bushi-do
 
武士道
Budo
 
武道
Japanese term for "Martial Arts" interchangeable with the word Bujutsu - Science of War"
 
 
Application, meaning or interpretation of Kata moves. Oyo Bunkai is similar using an alternative or a different layer of interpretation.
Dachi
 
Stance
Dan
 
段位
Black Belt grade - Degree or Diploma
Daruma
 
Warm-up exercises
Dojo
 
道場
Training Hall (place of the way)
 
Dojo Rules (Creed/Oath)
Dozo one gaishimasu
 
Please teach me
Embusen
 
The line along which a kata is performed
 
Fukutsu no seishin
 
Never Give Up!!
Geri
 
Kick
Gi
 
or
karate suit or uniform (Gi is an abbreviation of Keikogi)
Hajime
 
始め
Start/begin
Hanshi
 
藩師
Instructor of Instructors 9th to 10th Dan
 
平常心
Ordinary Mind (Common Mind) - Always Ready
Hidari
 
Left
Hikite
 
Fist on Hip. Believed to have been developed by Kushanku.
 
Hissho no seishin
 
Winning Spirit
Hitotsu tachi
 
see next entry below
 
or Hitotsu tachi (one cut). Entering the opponents striking range & drawing an attack rather than initiating one & then stepping inside the blow whilst delivering one`s own.
 
to kill with one blow.
Kaisai no genri
 
finding hidden techniques in kata
Kamae
 
構え:かまえ
Posture (whole body). Basic stance for sparring or self-defence/sparring.
 
Kan-ken Futatsu No Koto
 
Both the Eyes & the Mind Must See
 
Kanto no seishin
 
Good Fighting Spirit
Karate
 
Empty 空手 (or China) 唐手 Hand
Karate-ka
 
Student
Karate-dō
 
空手道
the way of the empty hand
 
There is no first strike (attack) in karate. [either mentally or physically] (the 2nd of Funakoshi`s 20 Precepts)
Kata
 
or
Formal Exercise or Forms
Keage
 
Snap
Keizo
 
Ki / Qui / Chi
 
Life force or spiritual energy (Chi in Chinese)
Kiai
 
気合
Fighting Spirit or a short loud shout. The noise from a kiai is said to emit from the "hara" or "tanden", and it involves the abdominal muscles and diaphragm. It should not be sounded in the throat.
Kime
 
Kihon
 
基本
"Basic" e.g.. basic kata or basic kicks, punches, blocks and strikes
Kiso Kumite
 
pre-sequenced sparring from kata techniques
Kitei
 
Required basics Kitei Kata (video .wmv file) (not part of SSKA syllabus)
Kobo Itchi
 
Offence & Defence are One
Koryū
 
古流; こりゅう
A Japanese word that is used in association with the ancient Japanese martial arts. This word literally translates as "old school" or "traditional (or classical) school".
 
組手
Sparring
Kyu
 
Levels leading towards Black Belt
Maai
 
間合い
Distance....(between two opponents)
Mawate
 
回って
Turn around
Menkyo-kaiden
 
A certificate of full proficiency in an art, usually given to a student deemed most suited to carry on the art of his sensei. A master customarily issued only one menkyo-kaiden in his lifetime.
Migi
 
Right
 
 
無心
A mind not fixed or occupied by thought or emotion. "No Mind" - the term used to describe the state of pure consciousness unburdened by thought and being free and flexible to react and adapt to a given situation.
Narande
 
並んで
Line Up
Nintai
 
Perseverance, endurance & endurance.
Obi
 
Okuden
 
Hidden Teaching
Osu
 
押忍
Positive Acknowledgement i.e. Yes or I Understand etc
Randori
 
Free Sparring
Rei
 
Bow (as in “Sensei Ne Rei” = “Bow to Instructor”)
Reishiki
 
Etiquette or manners
Renshi
 
連師
Advanced Instructor 5th to 6th Dan
Satori
 
A state of enlightenment reached after much practice in meditation.
Sempei
 
先輩
Senior Student
Sensei
 
先生
Instructor
Shihan
 
師範
Senior Instructor
Shingi Ittai
 
Mind & Technique are One
Shodan
 
初段
Degree/Diploma Black Belt grade
Shoto
 
pen or nick name for Gichin Funakoshi Sensei
Shotokan
 
松涛館
House of Pine Waves - literally "Gichin Funakoshi`s hall"
Shomen
 
Front of Dojo
Shugo
 
Line Up command - class
Tanden (hara )
 
丹田
is described as an important focus point for internal meditative techniques, and refers specifically to the physical center of gravity located in the abdomen three finger widths below and two finger widths behind the navel.
Ten No Kata (Omote & Ura)
 
 
the Okinawan art of "arresting or catching an opponent by using only the hands" originally from the Cantonese art of Chin-Na
擒拿
 
Tokui
 
 
(Favourite) Kata
Toridai
 
or Himitsu - hidden techniques in kata, see Bunkai
Uchi
 
Strikes
Uke
 
Block
Ushero
 
Reverse
Waza
 
Technique
Yame
 
止め
Finish
Yoi
 
用意
Get Ready
Yoko
 
Side
Yudansha
 
Senior Grades - Blackbelts
Zuki (Tsuki)
 
Punches
 
残心
Alertness or Readiness of Mind & Body - focus of concentration. Mind Like Moon
Zazen
 
坐禅
A meditative posture & technique.
 
Punches- Zuki
Choku Zuki
 
straight or lunge punch
Gyaku Zuki
 
Reverse - Punch (opposite arm to leg forward)
Kage Zuki
 
Hook Punch
Kizami Zuki
 
Forward Snap Punch
Moroto Zuki
 
Double Punch
Oi Zuki
 
Lunge Punch (Same arm & same leg forward)
Mawashi Zuki
 
Round house punch
Age Zuki
 
Rising punch (e.g. as in Kata Empi)
Yama Zuki
 
"Y" punch
 
Strikes
 
 
Empi
 
Elbow Strike
Teisho
 
Strike made with the palm or "heel" of the hand
Tetsui
 
Hammer Fist Strike
Uraken
 
Back fist strike
 
Blocks - Uke
Age Uke
 
Upper Rising Block
Gedan Barai
 
Downward Block
Juji Uke
 
"X" Block
Moroto Uke
 
Augmented Block
Shuto Uke
 
Knife Hand Block
Soto Uke
 
Outside Block
Uchi Uke
 
Inside Block
 
Kicks - Geri
Ashi Barai
 
Foot/Leg Sweep.
Ashi Gataana
 
Foot Sword
Fumikomi Geri
 
Cutting Kick
Hiza Geri
 
Knee Kick
Kakato Geri
 
Axe Kick using the back of the heel
Mae Geri
 
Front Snap Kick (pronounced My Geri)
Mae Geri Keage
 
Front Snapping Kick
Mae Geri Kekomi
 
Front Thrust Kick
Mawashi Geri
 
Roundhouse Kick
Mikazuki Geri
 
Crescent Kick.
Nidan Geri
 
Double kick using alternate legs in the air (as in Kanku Dai)
Ren-Geri
 
Two Kicks using alternate legs i.e. left and then right.
Tobi Geri
 
Flying kick
Tsumasaki Geri
 
Kick using the tips of the toes. 
Ushero Geri
 
Reverse Kick (back kick)
Ushero Mawashi Geri
 
Reverse Roundhouse Kick
Yoko Geri Keage
 
Side Snap Kick
Yoko Geri Kekomi
 
Side Thrust Kick
 
Stances - Dachi
Fudo Dachi
 
Rooted Stance. Sometimes referred to as Sochin Dachi
Gankaku Dachi
 
Crane Stance - see Gankaku
Hangetsu Dachi
 
Half-Moon Stance
Heiko Dachi
 
Parallel stance
Heisoku Dachi
 
An informal attention stance
Hachiji
 
Natural Stance
Katashi dachi
 
Crane-like stance (as in Empi)
Kiba Dachi
 
 Horse Riding or Straddle Stance
Kokutsu Dachi
 
Back Stance (front leg inline with back leg)
Kosa Dachi
 
Crossed-feet Stance
Musubi Dachi
 
Informal attention stance
Naihanchi Dachi
 
Kiba Dachi but with the feet turned in
Neko-Ashi Dachi
 
Cats Foot Stance
Renoji Dachi
 
L Stance
Sagi Ashi Dachi
 
Heron Leg Stance
Sanchin Dachi
 
Hour-glass Stance
Shiko Dachi
 
Square Stance
Shizen Dachi
 
Natural Stance
Shizentai
 
Ready Stance
Sochin Dachi
 
Immovable Stance
Teiji Dachi
 
T-shape stance
Tsuru Ashi Dachi
 
Crane Leg Stance (as in Gankaku)
Uchi-Hachiji Dachi
 
Inverted Figure Eight Stance. The feet are shoulder width apart with the feet facing inwards
Zenkutsu Dachi
 
Front Stance (wide stance)

 

Shotokan Kata - Names & What They Mean

Kata Names
 Kanji
Number of Steps
 Meaning
Grade
Old or Other Name
Heian Shodan
平安初段
21 Steps
Peaceful Mind or Tranquillity - Level 1
9th Kyu
Heian Nidan
平安二段
26 Steps
Peaceful Mind or Tranquillity - Level 2
8th Kyu
Pinan
Heian Sandan
平安三段
21 Steps
Peaceful Mind or Tranquillity - Level 3
7th Kyu
Pinan
Heian Yondan
平安四段
28 Steps
Peaceful Mind or Tranquillity - Level 4
6th Kyu
Pinan
Heian Godan
平安五段
26 Steps
Peaceful Mind or Tranquillity - Level 5
5th Kyu
Pinan
Tekki Shodan
鉄騎初段
24 Steps
Iron Horse or Horse Riding 1st Level
4th Kyu
from Naihanchi kata
Tekki Nidan
鉄騎二段
 
Iron Horse - Level 2
Brown Belt Kata
from Naihanchi kata
Tekki Sandan
鉄騎三段
 
Iron Horse - Level 3
3rd Dan Kata
from Naihanchi kata
Bassai Dai
披塞大
46 Steps
To Storm a Fortress.(major)
3rd Kyu to 1st Dan
variation of Passaikata
Bassai Sho
披塞小
27 Steps
To Storm a Fortress (minor)
2nd Dan Kata
variation of Passai kata
Kanku Dai 
観空大
69 Steps
To view the sky (major) * *
Brown Belt Kata
from Kashankukata (or Kusanku)
Kanku Sho 
観空小
48  Steps
To view the sky (minor)
2nd Dan Kata
from Kashanku kata (or Kusanku)
半月
41 Steps
Half moon * *
Brown Belt Kata
Old root from Seisan kata (Jusan)
岩鶴
42 Steps
Crane on a rock
3rd Dan Kata
岩鶴小
45 Steps
not part of SSKA syllabus
not part of SSKA syllabus
also called Koryu Gankaku
燕飛
through Itosu  (1683)
37 Steps
 
Flying swallow * *  
Brown Belt Kata
Wansu (Wanshu)
慈恩
47 Steps
Named after the Jion-ji temple (Kind and Graciousness) * *
Brown Belt Kata
NB: A compulsory kata in the "Federation of All Japan Karate-Do" organisations.
十手
24 Steps
Ten hands * *
Brown Belt Kata
 
慈陰
33 Steps
 
Translated Love of Truth (or kind shade) * *  
Brown Belt Kata
 
二十四
24 Steps
24 steps
2nd Dan Kata
明鏡
33 Steps
Clear or Bright Mirror
3rd Dan Kata
 
壯鎭
41 Steps
Rooted or Tranquil Force - Named after the stance
2nd Dan Kata
 
珍手
32 Steps
 
Rare, Unusual or Incredible Hands * *  
Brown Belt Kata
 
王冠
24 Steps
Crown of a King or Emperor / A Proper Name
3rd Dan Kata
 
雲手
48 Steps
Defence of a Cloud/Cloud Hands
3rd Dan Kata
 
五十四歩大
54 steps
Fifty Four Steps (major)
3rd Dan Kata
Useishi
五十四歩小
54 steps
Fifty Four Steps  (minor)
3rd Dan Kata
Useishi